Centos搭建PHP5.3.8+Nginx1.0.9+Mysql5.5.17

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安装依赖库和开发环境

#依赖库和开发工具
yum -y install yum-fastestmirror
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers
#Nginx
yum -y install pcre-devel  zlib-devel
#Php
yum -y install gd-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel freetype-devel libxml2-devel curl-devel freetype-devel
#Mysql
yum -y install bison gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake zlib* libxml* ncurses-devel libtool-ltdl-devel*

 


下载软件包

 

#创建目录
mkdir /web 
cd /web 
 
#PHP5.3.7 
wget http://cn.php.net/distributions/php-5.3.8.tar.bz2 
#PHP库文件
wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/MCrypt/2.6.8/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mhash/mhash/0.9.9.9/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.14.tar.gz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/memcache-2.2.5.tgz
wget http://catlnmp.googlecode.com/files/PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
#Nginx1.0.9
wget http://www.nginx.org/download/nginx-1.0.9.tar.gz

#Nginx(pcre)
wget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.13.tar.gz

#Mysql5.5.17
wget http://downloads.mysql.com/archives/mysql-5.5/mysql-5.5.17.tar.gz

#Mysql(cmake)
wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.6.tar.gz

安装Mysql

#安装cmake
tar -zxvf cmake-2.8.6.tar.gz
cd cmake-2.8.6/
./configure
gmake && gmake install && cd ../

#添加mysql用户
/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
/usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql
mkdir -p /data/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql

#安装Mysql
tar -zxvf mysql-5.5.17.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.5.17
cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc/
make && make install

#设置Mysql
#在support-files目录中有五个配置信息文件:
#my-small.cnf (内存<=64M)
#my-medium.cnf (内存 128M)
#my-large.cnf (内存 512M)
#my-huge.cnf (内存 1G-2G)
#my-innodb-heavy-4G.cnf (内存 4GB)
cd /usr/local/mysql
cp ./support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
vi /etc/my.cnf
#在 [mysqld] 段增加
datadir = /data/mysql
wait-timeout = 30
max_connections = 512
default-storage-engine = MyISAM
#在 [mysqld] 段修改
max_allowed_packet = 16M

#生成授权表
cd /usr/local/mysql
./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql

#更改密码
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 123456

#开启mysql
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe &

#测试连接mysql
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p 123456
show databases;
exit;

#设置开机启动
vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local

#加入
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe &

安装PHP

#1
tar -zxvf libiconv-1.14.tar.gz && cd libiconv-1.14/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local
make && make install && cd ../

#2
tar -zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz && cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure &&  make && make install
/sbin/ldconfig && cd libltdl/ && ./configure --enable-ltdl-install
make && make install && cd ../

#3
tar -zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz && cd mhash-0.9.9.9/ && ./configure
make && make install && cd ../

#4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1
ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config

#5
tar -zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz &&cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make && make install && cd ../

#6
tar -xjvf php-5.3.8.tar.bz2 
cd php-5.3.8

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php 
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc 
--with-iconv-dir=/usr/local/ --with-freetype-dir 
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql 
--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config 
--with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib 
--with-mhash --enable-sockets --enable-ftp 
--with-libxml-dir --enable-xml --disable-rpath 
--enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath 
--enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem 
--enable-inline-optimization --with-curl 
--with-curlwrappers 
--enable-mbregex 
--enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd 
--enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash 
--enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl 
--enable-fpm 
--with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap 
--without-pear 


make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS=´-liconv´

#注意这里容易出现 make: *** [ext/phar/phar.php] 错误 127

#出现mysql client解决方法 
#ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so /usr/lib/
#ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18

#或者chmod: 无法访问 “ext/phar/phar.phar”: 没有那个文件或目录
#make: [ext/phar/phar.phar] 错误 1 (忽略)
#解决方法在编译的时候加--without-pear参数

#如果还不行,make的时候不添加 ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS=´-liconv´ 参数
make install
#选择PHP.ini配置文件
cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
#安装PHP扩展 
tar -zxvf memcache-2.2.5.tgz
cd memcache-2.2.5/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config
make && make install && cd ../
tar -zxvf PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2.tgz
cd PDO_MYSQL-1.0.2/
/usr/local/php/bin/phpize
./configure --with-php-config=/usr/local/php/bin/php-config  --with-pdo-mysql=/usr/local/mysql
make && make install && cd ../


更改PHP-FPM

#添加WWW用户
/usr/sbin/groupadd www && /usr/sbin/useradd -g www www
mkdir -p /var/log/nginx && chmod +w /var/log/nginx &&chown -R www:www /var/log/nginx
mkdir -p /data/www && chmod +w /data/www && chown -R www:www /data/www

cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
  
#去掉/更改 配置文件中的;
pm.max_children = 64 
pm.start_servers = 20
pm.min_spare_servers = 5
pm.max_spare_servers = 35
pm.max_requests = 1024
user = www
group = www 

#检查语法是否正确
/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -t
#出现NOTICE: configuration file /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf test is successful 测试成功
/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm &
#设置开机启动
vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local
#在行末加入
/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm &

#返回安装包目录 
cd /web 

安装Nginx

 

#安装pcre库
tar -zxvf pcre-8.13.tar.gz && cd pcre-8.13/ && ./configure
make && make install && cd ../

#安装Nginx
tar -zxvf nginx-1.0.9.tar.gz && cd nginx-1.0.9 &&
./configure --user=www --group=www 
--prefix=/usr/local/nginx 
--sbin-path=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx 
--conf-path=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf 
--with-http_stub_status_module 
--with-http_ssl_module 
--with-pcre 
--lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock 
--pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid

make && make install && cd ../

#更改配置
vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

#修改一些参数,别直接替换文件,这只是一部分
user www

events {
    use epoll;
    worker_connections  1024;
}

location ~ .php$ {
            root           html;
            fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index  index.php;
            fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
            include        fastcgi_params;
        }

#注意这里
#$document_root$fastcgi_script_name;

#检测配置文件
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t

#提示表示成功
#nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
#nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful

#开启Nginx
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

#平滑重启Nginx
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

#添加开机启动
vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local
#最后移行加入
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

#测试
cd /usr/local/nginx/html/
touch index.php
vi /usr/local/nginx/html/index.php


上面这些完成以后,基本上就可以运行 PHP程序了
但是,传说中的“No input file specified”
我也碰到了,我是这样处理的,先把/usr/local/php/etc/php.ini中的cgi.fix_pathinfo=0改成了cgi.fix_pathinfo=1
然后,注释掉了doc_root
又把usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf改成了下面的样子,就可以了,重点是“

location ~ .php$ {
           #fastcgi_pass  unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
            fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index index.php;
            include fastcgi.conf;
} 

”这里
 

user  www;
worker_processes  1;

error_log  logs/error.log;
#error_log  logs/error.log  notice;
#error_log  logs/error.log  info;

#pid        logs/nginx.pid;

events {
    use epoll;
    worker_connections  1024;
}

http {
    include       mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;

    #log_format  main  ´$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" ´
    #                  ´$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" ´
    #                  ´"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"´;

    #access_log  logs/access.log  main;

    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;

    #keepalive_timeout  0;
    keepalive_timeout  65;

    gzip  on;

    server {
        listen       80;
        server_name  localhost;

        #charset koi8-r;

        #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
        root /home/www;
        index index.html index.php;
        location ~ .php$ {     
            #fastcgi_pass  unix:/tmp/php-cgi.sock;
            fastcgi_pass  127.0.0.1:9000;
            fastcgi_index index.php;
            include fastcgi.conf;
        }


        #error_page  404              /404.html;

        # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
        #
        error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
            root   html;
        }

        # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
        #
        #location ~ .php$ {
        #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
        #}

        # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
        #
        #location ~ .php$ {
        #    root           html;
        #    fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
        #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
        #    include        fastcgi_params;
        #}

        # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache´s document root
        # concurs with nginx´s one
        #
        #location ~ /.ht {
        #    deny  all;
        #}
    }


    # another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       8000;
    #    listen       somename:8080;
    #    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}


    # HTTPS server
    #
    #server {
    #    listen       443;
    #    server_name  localhost;

    #    ssl                  on;
    #    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
    #    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

    #    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

    #    ssl_protocols  SSLv2 SSLv3 TLSv1;
    #    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
    #    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers   on;

    #    location / {
    #        root   html;
    #        index  index.html index.htm;
    #    }
    #}

}

 

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